Predicting intra-day load profiles under time-of-use tariffs using smart meter data

Kiguchi Y, Heo Y, Weeks M, Choudhary R

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The installation of smart meters enabling electricity load to be measured with half-hourly granularity provides an innovative demand-side management opportunity that is likely to be advantageous for both utility companies and customers. Time-of-use tariffs are widely considered to be the most promising solution for optimising energy consumption in the residential sector. Although there exists a large body of research on demand response in electricity pricing, a practical framework to forecast user adaptation under different Time-of-use tariffs has not been fully developed. The novelty of this work is to provide the first top-down statistical modelling of residential customer demand response following the adoption of a Time-of-use tariff and report the model's accuracy and the feature importance. The importance of statistical moments to capture various lifestyle constraints based on smart meter data, which enables this model to be agnostic about household characteristics, is discussed. 646 households in Ireland during pre/post-intervention of Time-of-use tariff is used for validation. The value of Mean Absolute Percentage Error in forecasting average load for a group of households with the Random Forest method investigated is 2.05% for the weekday and 1.48% for the weekday peak time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959-970
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 15


  • Demand-side management
  • Electricity consumption modelling
  • Load shifting
  • Residential electricity demand
  • Smart meters
  • Time-of-use pricing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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