Predictive Factors for Response of Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas to Transarterial Onyx Embolization: Angiographic Subgroup Analysis of Treatment Outcomes

Byungjun Kim, Pyoung Jeon, Keonha Kim, Sungtae Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Hong Sik Byun, Kyung Il Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Endovascular treatment using Onyx has been increasingly used to treat intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). This study evaluated predictive factors for favorable treatment outcome in patients with intracranial noncavernous DAVFs treated by transarterial Onyx embolization. Methods: Between August 2008 and August 2014, 55 patients who underwent transarterial Onyx embolization for noncavernous DAVFs were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' demographic, clinical, and procedural data were analyzed to find statistically significant predictive factors for favorable treatment outcomes after Onyx embolization. Fistulas were classified angiographically according to the relationship between fistulas and dural venous sinuses and the presence of leptomeningeal venous reflux. Results: Sixty-eight Onyx embolizations were performed in 55 patients. Immediate angiographic cure was achieved in 28 patients, and 14 of 27 patients with residual shunts showed progressive occlusion at follow-up imaging studies. Therefore, the overall favorable treatment outcome was 76.4% (42/55). The remaining 13 patients (23.6%) showed persistent residual shunts, and 3 (5.5%) of them showed aggravation of residual lesion on follow-up studies. Of 25 patients with non-sinus fistulas, 23 patients (92%) showed favorable treatment outcomes, and 19 of 30 patients (63.3%) with sinus fistulas showed favorable outcomes. Among the evaluated variables, non-sinus DAVFs was a statistically significant predictive factor for favorable response to transarterial Onyx embolization (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Transarterial Onyx embolization is a highly effective treatment method for non-sinus DAVFs. Careful consideration of angiographic features and multimodal embolization strategies are required for treatment of sinus DAVFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-618
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide
  • Embolization
  • Radiography
  • Therapeutic methods
  • Therapeutic use
  • Therapy
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Vascular malformations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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