Predictors of Posttraumatic Growth Among University Students Who Experienced a Recent Earthquake

Inhong Kim, Won-Oak Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit Gyeongju City, South Korea, in 2016, traumatising and psychologically panicking residents. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for posttraumatic growth (PTG) among university students who experienced South Korea’s largest earthquake. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 493 university students in Gyeongju City. Data were collected via 5 self-report questionnaires. PTG was found to be positively correlated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), resilience and social support. Multiple regression analysis showed that PTSD (β = 0.519, p <.001), resilience (β = 0.213, p <.001), religion (β = 0.125, p =.001) and sex (female; β = 0.090, p =.010) were identified as predictive factors of PTG. These results illustrate a need for health care providers to include individual internal resources such as resilience in intervention strategies to promote PTG and decrease posttraumatic experiences in those who have experienced traumatic events such as earthquakes. A longitudinal study is needed to obtain more definitive evidence of PTSD progression and PTG over time.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Earthquakes
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Students
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Growth
Republic of Korea
Religion
Social Support
Health Personnel
Self Report
Longitudinal Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

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abstract = "A 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit Gyeongju City, South Korea, in 2016, traumatising and psychologically panicking residents. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for posttraumatic growth (PTG) among university students who experienced South Korea’s largest earthquake. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 493 university students in Gyeongju City. Data were collected via 5 self-report questionnaires. PTG was found to be positively correlated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), resilience and social support. Multiple regression analysis showed that PTSD (β = 0.519, p <.001), resilience (β = 0.213, p <.001), religion (β = 0.125, p =.001) and sex (female; β = 0.090, p =.010) were identified as predictive factors of PTG. These results illustrate a need for health care providers to include individual internal resources such as resilience in intervention strategies to promote PTG and decrease posttraumatic experiences in those who have experienced traumatic events such as earthquakes. A longitudinal study is needed to obtain more definitive evidence of PTSD progression and PTG over time.",
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