Preparation and characterization of anhydrous polymer electrolyte membranes based on poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) copolymer

Sung Hoon Ahn, Do Kyoung Lee, Jin Ah Seo, Jong Hak Kim, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Anhydrous polymer electrolyte membranes with cross-linked structure have been prepared based on poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) (PVA-co-PE) copolymer. The PVA units of copolymer served to induce thermal cross-linking with 4,5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid (IDA) via esterification while PE units controlled the membrane swelling and the mechanical properties of films. Upon doping with phosphoric acid (PA, H3PO4) to form imidazole-PA complexes, the proton conductivity of membranes continuously increased with increasing PA content. As a result, proton conductivity reached 0.01 S/cm at 100 °C under anhydrous conditions. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that both the d-spacing and crystalline peak of membranes were reduced upon introduction of IDA/PA due to the cross-linking effect. The PVA-co-PE/IDA/PA membranes exhibited good mechanical properties, e.g., 150 MPa of Young's modulus, as determined by a universal testing machine. Thermal gravimetric analysis also represented that the thermal stability of membranes was increased up to 200 °C upon introduction of IDA/PA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-480
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 1



  • Anhydrous
  • Cross-linking
  • Fuel cells
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane
  • Proton conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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