Preparation and characterization of nano-sized Y3Al 5O12:Ce3+ phosphor by high-energy milling process

Hee Jo Song, Jun Hong Noh, Hee Suk Roh, Ju Seong Kim, Dong Wan Kim, Kug Sun Hong

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Nano-sized Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG:Ce) phosphors were prepared by high-energy milling process which utilizes a top-down synthesizing method. The beads-milling process was performed by a Laboratory Mill MINICER with ZrO2 beads. Nano-sized YAG:Ce can be produced by a mechanical collision between ZrO2 beads and YAG:Ce particles. After processing via beads milling, uniform nano-sized YAG:Ce particles sized below 100 nm were produced. By controlling the bead size, milling time and milling steps, we synthesized size-tunable and uniform nano-sized YAG:Ce phosphors with average diameters of 100, 70 and 40 nm, respectively. As the bead-milling process proceeded, the luminescent efficiency was degraded owing to the low crystallinity of the surface of the nano YAG:Ce. The phase and crystallinity of the nano-sized YAG:Ce were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The particle size was identified using field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The luminescence and quantum efficiency (QE) of the nano-sized YAG:Ce were measured using a fluorescence spectrometer and a QE measuring instrument, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S69-S74
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number4 SUPPL.2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 20
Externally publishedYes


  • High-energy milling
  • Nano phosphor
  • Photoluminescence
  • Top-down method
  • YAG:Ce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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