Preparation and properties of benzyl corn starches

Ki Yul Cho, Seung Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Benzyl corn starches (DS 0.02-0.16) were prepared by reacting starch with benzyl chloride in an alkaline aqueous medium at 65 °C. and the pasting properties of the starches were investigated. Reaction yield with 20% benzyl chloride (based on starch weight) tor 12 h was increased from 26.7% to 60.5% as the NaOH addition increased from 3% to 8% (based on starch weight), and became relatively constant thereafter. With 20% benzyl chloride and 8% NaOH, degree of substitution (DS) reached 0.16. Light transmittance and viscosity of starch paste were decreased as DS increased. Low viscosity and opaqueness of the paste indicated that the benzyl groups increased hydrophobicity, and reduced solubility of the starch. Onset temperature (To) for starch melting measured by a Differential Scanning Calorimeter thermogram was decreased as DS increased up to 0.1. But above DS 0.1, To increased. Melting enthalpy was also decreased as DS increase because of the incomplete gelatinization. Solubility in aqueous methanol (80%) increased near 2% as DS reached 0.16. Maximum wavelength and absorbance of the iodine complexes of benzyl starch were decreased with benzylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-257
Number of pages8
JournalStarch/Staerke
Volume50
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jun 1

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corn starch
Starch
Zea mays
starch
Substitution reactions
chlorides
melting
Ointments
solubility
Viscosity
Solubility
Freezing
viscosity
Melting
calorimeters
Weights and Measures
transmittance
pasting properties
enthalpy
gelatinization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Preparation and properties of benzyl corn starches. / Cho, Ki Yul; Lim, Seung Taik.

In: Starch/Staerke, Vol. 50, No. 6, 01.06.1998, p. 250-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cho, Ki Yul ; Lim, Seung Taik. / Preparation and properties of benzyl corn starches. In: Starch/Staerke. 1998 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 250-257.
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