Alliinase (alkylsulphenate lyase, EC 4. 4. 1. 4), which catalyses the production of allicin, was immobilized in alginate microparticles. Addition of pyridoxal 5′-phosphate to the microparticles enhanced alliinase activity. Encapsulated alliinase were significantly higher (30 and 22%, respectively) than those of non-encapsulated alliinase at 60°C and at pH 2. Therefore, microencapsulation of alliinase with alginate can offer an effective way of sustaining enzyme activity during oral administration and passage through the stomach.
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