Preparation of hydroxyapatite/zirconia bioceramic nanocomposites for orthopaedic and dental prosthesis applications

Yun Mo Sung, Young Keun Shin, Jae Jun Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Homogeneous mixtures of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using chemical co-precipitation and subsequent calcination. For the synthesis of HAp/YSZ nanopowder, the Ca/P atomic ratio was 1.73 to obtain high-content stoichiometric hydroxyapatite phase and to suppress β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) formation. The agglomerated crystalline powders were milled using YSZ ball media to obtain well-separated nanoparticles. The final particle size of the HAp and YSZ was ∼50-70 and ∼15-30 nm, respectively. The crystallinity and morphological feature of the nanopowder was analysed using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses. The ball-milled nanopowder mixture was hot pressed at 1100°C for 1 h under 20 MPa in vacuum atmosphere. The sintered HAp/YSZ nanocomposites exhibited approximately 99% of the theoretical density, due not only to the fine nanoscale of the particles, but also to the homogeneous distribution of the nanoparticle mixture. They also showed fine grain structures of the HAp phase due to the suppressed grain growth by YSZ particles. The nanocomposites showed improved mechanical properties, flexural strength of ∼155 MPa and fracture toughness of ∼2.1 MP m1/2, due to the YSZ contribution to the HAp matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065602
JournalNanotechnology
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 14

Fingerprint

Dental Prosthesis
Nanocomposites
Bioceramics
Dental prostheses
Yttria stabilized zirconia
Orthopedics
Durapatite
Hydroxyapatite
Zirconia
Nanoparticles
Chemical Precipitation
Crystal microstructure
Vacuum
Coprecipitation
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
zirconium oxide
yttria
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Grain growth
Atmosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Preparation of hydroxyapatite/zirconia bioceramic nanocomposites for orthopaedic and dental prosthesis applications. / Sung, Yun Mo; Shin, Young Keun; Ryu, Jae Jun.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 18, No. 6, 065602, 14.02.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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