Preparation of Novel Iodized Salt with Natural Iodine-Rich Sources by Spray Drying

Han Sol Doh, Jung A. Ko, Hyun Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Marine products are rich in not only micronutrients but also iodine content. However, the applications of iodine in marine products in the food industry have not been studied extensively. Therefore, in this study, a novel iodized salt was prepared through a simple method for iodine extraction from natural iodine-rich sources and spray drying. Laminaria ochroleuca (kombu), Porphyra umbilicalis (nori), Undaria pinnatifida (wakame), and Haliotis discus hannai (abalone) were selected as natural iodine-rich sources. Through hot water extraction, iodine was extracted from the iodine-rich sources and iodized salt was successfully prepared with extracted iodine and sea salt by spray drying; extraction efficiency varied from 64.88% to 129.67%; yield, 38.45% to 57.09%; loading efficiency, 99.34% to 124.08%. Chemical interactions were assessed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermal dynamics was evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Morphology of the salt crystals was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, a storage test was performed to investigate iodine loss due to temperature, relative humidity, and oxidation for 10 weeks in harsh condition. On comparing our salt with commercial products, novel iodized salts displayed similar or superior stability. Therefore, the novel iodized salt prepared in this study can be applied in the food industry. Practical Application: Iodine is essential trace element and plays a key role in our body. Marine products such as Laminaria ochroleuca (Kombu), Porphyra umbilicalis (nori), Undaria pinnatifida (wakame), and Haliotis discus hannai (abalone) are known as iodine rich-sources. These products have high level of iodine, but iodine in marine products has not been used widely for food industry. Therefore, using iodine in natural sources, novel iodized salt was prepared with simple method (hot water extraction and spray drying). The novel iodized salt prepared in this study can be applied in the food industry.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Hot water extraction
  • Iodine
  • Iodine rich sources
  • Iodized salt
  • Spray drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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