Preparation of pyridinium iodide-grafted nano-silica and its application to nano-gel systems for dye sensitized solar cells

Sungjun Hong, Minoh Lee, Hye Jin Song, Yongseok Jun, Chi Hwan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have emerged as promising candidates for replacing silicon-based photovoltaics in the renewable energy field as it has advantages such as low-cost and simple preparation procedures. However, conventional DSSCs have shown a critical limitation for practical use because of durability problems arising from the liquid solvent used in devices. Therefore, it is still necessary to develop a technology that is stable in the long term. This study demonstrates a system of nano-gel silica electrolyte with pyridinium iodide grafts (PISi) and its application to DSSCs. The PISi has been synthesized by a two-step process starting from nano-silica, 2-(4-pyridylethyl)triethoxysilane, and iodoalkane. The prepared PISi was analyzed using thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The performance of DSSCs with the PISi electrolyte was optimized by changing the iodoalkane chain length, electrolyte solvent, and iodide concentration in the electrolyte. We have compared the performance of DSSCs employing two different electrolytes: a typical liquid electrolyte cell and the PISi electrolyte. Power conversion efficiency of DSSCs with the liquid electrolyte was retained around half of the initial value after 100 h. In contrast, PISi electrolyte-based devices have shown a consistent efficiency. From this result, we conclude that the PISi electrolyte helped to improve the long-term stability in DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-20
Number of pages7
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume215
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Iodides
Silicon Dioxide
iodides
Electrolytes
Gels
solar cells
dyes
Silica
electrolytes
gels
silicon dioxide
preparation
Liquids
liquids
Dye-sensitized solar cells
renewable energy
Silica Gel
Silica gel
silica gel
Silicon

Keywords

  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Long-term stability
  • Nano-silica
  • Pyridinium iodide
  • Quasi-solid electrolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Preparation of pyridinium iodide-grafted nano-silica and its application to nano-gel systems for dye sensitized solar cells. / Hong, Sungjun; Lee, Minoh; Song, Hye Jin; Jun, Yongseok; Han, Chi Hwan.

In: Synthetic Metals, Vol. 215, 01.05.2016, p. 14-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have emerged as promising candidates for replacing silicon-based photovoltaics in the renewable energy field as it has advantages such as low-cost and simple preparation procedures. However, conventional DSSCs have shown a critical limitation for practical use because of durability problems arising from the liquid solvent used in devices. Therefore, it is still necessary to develop a technology that is stable in the long term. This study demonstrates a system of nano-gel silica electrolyte with pyridinium iodide grafts (PISi) and its application to DSSCs. The PISi has been synthesized by a two-step process starting from nano-silica, 2-(4-pyridylethyl)triethoxysilane, and iodoalkane. The prepared PISi was analyzed using thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The performance of DSSCs with the PISi electrolyte was optimized by changing the iodoalkane chain length, electrolyte solvent, and iodide concentration in the electrolyte. We have compared the performance of DSSCs employing two different electrolytes: a typical liquid electrolyte cell and the PISi electrolyte. Power conversion efficiency of DSSCs with the liquid electrolyte was retained around half of the initial value after 100 h. In contrast, PISi electrolyte-based devices have shown a consistent efficiency. From this result, we conclude that the PISi electrolyte helped to improve the long-term stability in DSSCs.

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