Prevalence and Associated Factors of Overactive Bladder in Korean Children 5-13 Years Old

A Nationwide Multicenter Study

Jae Min Chung, Sang Don Lee, Dong Il Kang, Dong Deuk Kwon, Kun Suk Kim, Su Yung Kim, Han Gwun Kim, Du Geon Moon, Kwan Hyun Park, Yong Hoon Park, Ki Soo Pai, Hong Jin Suh, Jung Won Lee, Won Yeol Cho, Tae Sun Ha, Sang Won Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) in Korean children, 5-13 years of age, and to assess the associated factors for OAB. Methods: A randomly selected cross-section study was conducted in 26 kindergartens and 27 elementary schools nationwide in Korea. A total of 19 240 children were included; a parent was asked to complete the questionnaires, which included items about OAB and voiding and defecating habits. OAB was defined as urgency with or without urge incontinence, usually with increased daytime frequency and nocturia (International Children's Continence Society, 2006). Its prevalence and associated factors were also investigated. Results: The response rate for the questionnaires was 85.84%. The overall prevalence of OAB was 16.59%. The prevalence of OAB decreased with age from 22.99% to 12.16% (P = .0001). The overall incidence of wet and dry OAB was 26.97% and 73.03%, respectively. Compared with normal children, those with OAB had a greater prevalence of nocturnal enuresis, constipation, fecal incontinence, urinary tract infection, delayed bladder control, and poor toilet facilities (P < .05). The incidence of increased daytime frequency and urge incontinence was 3.69% and 2.31% (P = .009) and 26.97% and 14.78% (P = .0001) in OAB and non-OAB children, respectively. The corresponding prevalence decreased with age from 5.04% to 3.06% and from 45.74% to 18.50% in OAB children (P = .0001). Conclusions: The overall prevalence of OAB in Korean children, 5-13 years of age, was 16.59% and decreased with age. Nocturnal enuresis, constipation, fecal incontinence, history of urinary tract infection, delayed bladder control, and poor toilet facilities might be factors associated with the development of OAB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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Overactive Urinary Bladder
Multicenter Studies
Toilet Facilities
Nocturnal Enuresis
Urge Urinary Incontinence
Fecal Incontinence
Urinary Bladder
Constipation
Urinary Tract Infections
Nocturia
Incidence
Korea
Habits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Chung, J. M., Lee, S. D., Kang, D. I., Kwon, D. D., Kim, K. S., Kim, S. Y., ... Han, S. W. (2009). Prevalence and Associated Factors of Overactive Bladder in Korean Children 5-13 Years Old: A Nationwide Multicenter Study. Urology, 73(1), 63-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2008.06.063

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Overactive Bladder in Korean Children 5-13 Years Old : A Nationwide Multicenter Study. / Chung, Jae Min; Lee, Sang Don; Kang, Dong Il; Kwon, Dong Deuk; Kim, Kun Suk; Kim, Su Yung; Kim, Han Gwun; Moon, Du Geon; Park, Kwan Hyun; Park, Yong Hoon; Pai, Ki Soo; Suh, Hong Jin; Lee, Jung Won; Cho, Won Yeol; Ha, Tae Sun; Han, Sang Won.

In: Urology, Vol. 73, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 63-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chung, JM, Lee, SD, Kang, DI, Kwon, DD, Kim, KS, Kim, SY, Kim, HG, Moon, DG, Park, KH, Park, YH, Pai, KS, Suh, HJ, Lee, JW, Cho, WY, Ha, TS & Han, SW 2009, 'Prevalence and Associated Factors of Overactive Bladder in Korean Children 5-13 Years Old: A Nationwide Multicenter Study', Urology, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 63-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2008.06.063
Chung, Jae Min ; Lee, Sang Don ; Kang, Dong Il ; Kwon, Dong Deuk ; Kim, Kun Suk ; Kim, Su Yung ; Kim, Han Gwun ; Moon, Du Geon ; Park, Kwan Hyun ; Park, Yong Hoon ; Pai, Ki Soo ; Suh, Hong Jin ; Lee, Jung Won ; Cho, Won Yeol ; Ha, Tae Sun ; Han, Sang Won. / Prevalence and Associated Factors of Overactive Bladder in Korean Children 5-13 Years Old : A Nationwide Multicenter Study. In: Urology. 2009 ; Vol. 73, No. 1. pp. 63-67.
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abstract = "Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) in Korean children, 5-13 years of age, and to assess the associated factors for OAB. Methods: A randomly selected cross-section study was conducted in 26 kindergartens and 27 elementary schools nationwide in Korea. A total of 19 240 children were included; a parent was asked to complete the questionnaires, which included items about OAB and voiding and defecating habits. OAB was defined as urgency with or without urge incontinence, usually with increased daytime frequency and nocturia (International Children's Continence Society, 2006). Its prevalence and associated factors were also investigated. Results: The response rate for the questionnaires was 85.84{\%}. The overall prevalence of OAB was 16.59{\%}. The prevalence of OAB decreased with age from 22.99{\%} to 12.16{\%} (P = .0001). The overall incidence of wet and dry OAB was 26.97{\%} and 73.03{\%}, respectively. Compared with normal children, those with OAB had a greater prevalence of nocturnal enuresis, constipation, fecal incontinence, urinary tract infection, delayed bladder control, and poor toilet facilities (P < .05). The incidence of increased daytime frequency and urge incontinence was 3.69{\%} and 2.31{\%} (P = .009) and 26.97{\%} and 14.78{\%} (P = .0001) in OAB and non-OAB children, respectively. The corresponding prevalence decreased with age from 5.04{\%} to 3.06{\%} and from 45.74{\%} to 18.50{\%} in OAB children (P = .0001). Conclusions: The overall prevalence of OAB in Korean children, 5-13 years of age, was 16.59{\%} and decreased with age. Nocturnal enuresis, constipation, fecal incontinence, history of urinary tract infection, delayed bladder control, and poor toilet facilities might be factors associated with the development of OAB.",
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AU - Chung, Jae Min

AU - Lee, Sang Don

AU - Kang, Dong Il

AU - Kwon, Dong Deuk

AU - Kim, Kun Suk

AU - Kim, Su Yung

AU - Kim, Han Gwun

AU - Moon, Du Geon

AU - Park, Kwan Hyun

AU - Park, Yong Hoon

AU - Pai, Ki Soo

AU - Suh, Hong Jin

AU - Lee, Jung Won

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