Prevalence and control of hypertension and albuminuria in South Korea: Focus on obesity and abdominal obesity in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012

Su Jung Yoon, Do Hoon Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Yeo Joon Yoon, Kyung Do Han, Dong Wook Jung, Sang Woon Park, Young Eun Kim, Sung Ho Lee, Sang Su Lee, Yang Hyun Kim

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Albuminuria is associated with cardiovascular disease, and the relationship between albuminuria and hypertension is well established in many studies. So the control of hypertension is critical for decreasing cardiovascular events and albuminuria. Obesity and abdominal obesity are also associated with hypertension and albuminuria. Therefore, we analyzed the relationship between albuminuria and the prevalence and control of hypertension in the general Korean population according to obesity status. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2011-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and 9,519 subjects were included. Subjects were divided into four groups: non-obese/normal waist circumference, non-obese/high waist circumference, obese/normal waist circumference, and obese/high waist circumference. Results: Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were positively associated with albumin-creatinine ratio in all groups (all p values <0.005). Non-obese/normal waist circumference group were more likely to have hypertension (odds ratios [95% confidential intervals (CIs)] were 3.20 [2.21-4.63] in microalbuminuria level and 3.09 [1.05-9.14] in macroalbuminuria level), and less likely to have controlled hypertension (odds ratios <1 for both albuminuria levels) after adjusting for all covariates. Obese/normal waist circumference group were also more likely to have hypertension (odds ratio [95% CI] were 3.10 [1.56-6.15] in microalbuminuria level and 21.75 [3.66-129.04] in macroalbuminuria level), and less likely to have controlled hypertension in macroalbuminuria level (odds ratio [95% CI], 0.04 [0.01-0.15]). Conclusions: Non-obese and normal waist circumference subjects have an increased prevalence and decreased control of hypertension in microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria levels. Screening for albuminuria may provide helpful information about hypertension and blood pressure control, particularly in the non-obese and normal waist circumference subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere111179
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 31

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Yoon, S. J., Kim, D. H., Nam, G. E., Yoon, Y. J., Han, K. D., Jung, D. W., Park, S. W., Kim, Y. E., Lee, S. H., Lee, S. S., & Kim, Y. H. (2014). Prevalence and control of hypertension and albuminuria in South Korea: Focus on obesity and abdominal obesity in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012. PloS one, 9(10), [e111179]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111179