Prevalence, awareness, and management of obesity in Korea: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2011)

Chul Sik Kim, Seung Hyun Ko, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Nan Hee Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Kee Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Dae Jung Kim, Bong Yun Cha

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes and several cardiovascular diseases. This study was to investigate the trends in the prevalence, awareness, and management status of obesity among the Korean population for recent 13 years. Methods: The prevalence, subjective awareness, and management of obesity were investigated in adults aged ≥19 years by using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 1998 to 2011. Results: The number of participants was 8,117, 5,826, 5,500, 3,025, 6,756, 7,506, 6,255, and 6,155 in the KNHANES in years 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. The prevalence of obesity was 26.9%, 29.2%, 32.9%, 32.5%, 32.0%, 32.6%, 32.0%, and 32.0% in 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively, while the overall prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity increased by 1.19-fold and 1.24-fold respectively in 2011 compared against 2001. In general, a gradual increase in the prevalence of severe obesity has been observed as years go by. Furthermore, trends of improvements in obesity awareness and management rates were visible over the period of surveys. Conclusion: Although the management status of obesity has improved during the recent years, more effective strategy to control obesity is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism Journal
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Korea
  • Obesity
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Kim, C. S., Ko, S. H., Kwon, H. S., Kim, N. H., Kim, J. H., Lim, S., Choi, S. H., Song, K. H., Won, J. C., Kim, D. J., & Cha, B. Y. (2014). Prevalence, awareness, and management of obesity in Korea: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2011). Diabetes and Metabolism Journal, 38(1), 35-43. https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.35