Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001

S. M. Kim, J. S. Lee, J. Lee, J. K. Na, J. H. Han, D. K. Yoon, S. H. Baik, D. S. Choi, K. M. Choi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    133 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE - The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and their association with risk factors in the Korean population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001 was a nationally representative survey with a stratified multistage sampling design. Data from a comprehensive questionnaire, a physical examination, and blood tests were obtained from 5,844 Korean adults (2,513 men and 3,331 women) aged >20 years. RESULTS - The age-adjusted prevalence of diabetes in this Korean population was 7.6%, and the age-adjusted prevalences of previously diagnosed diabetes and newly diagnosed diabetes were 4.4 and 3.3%, respectively (fasting plasma glucose ≤7.0 mmol/l). Overall, these results indicate that 8.1% or 1.4 million Korean men and 7.5% or 1.3 million Korean women have diabetes. The age-adjusted prevalence of IFG was 23.9%, using the new American Diabetes Association criteria (fasting plasma glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/l). Diabetes prevalence increased with age and peaked in the oldest age-group; however, IFG prevalence did not show the same trend. Diabetes was found to be associated with age, BMI, blood pressure, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, education levels, alcohol consumption, exercise, and a family history of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS - This study shows that diabetes and IFG are common in Korea, and about one-half of diabetes cases remain undiagnosed. These results emphasize the need to develop an urgent public program to improve the detection, prevention, and treatment of diabetes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)226-231
    Number of pages6
    JournalDiabetes Care
    Volume29
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Internal Medicine
    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
    • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this