Prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness and associated factors in the adult population of Korea

Soon Jae Joo, Inkyung Baik, Hyeryeon Yi, Kihwan Jung, Jehyeong Kim, Chol Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Information on the prevalence and correlates of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is limited for Asians. We determined the prevalence of EDS and its associated factors in the adult population of Korea. Subjects and methods: The subjects consisted of 4405 Koreans aged 40-69 years from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, which is an ongoing prospective population-based study. Data were collected from a comprehensive health examination and a questionnaire at baseline. Results: The prevalence of EDS was 12.2% (10.7% for men and 13.7% for women). In multivariate models including sociodemographic, biochemical, clinical and sleep-related factors, age, physical activity, education, habitual snoring, waking up feeling unrefreshed, perceived insufficient sleep, and crawly feelings in the legs were significantly associated with EDS. Subjects aged 50-59 years had an excess risk of EDS by 1.42-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.13-1.77) compared to those aged 40-49 years. In addition, the subjects with top quartile group of physical activity had a 1.80-fold (95% CI = 1.18-2.73) higher risk of EDS than those with the lowest quartile group. A higher level of education was inversely associated with the risk of EDS. Furthermore, the subjects with habitual snoring had a 1.92-fold (95% CI = 1.47-2.50) greater risk of EDS than non-snorers. Perceived insufficient sleep also increased the risk of EDS by 1.58-fold (95% CI = 1.29-1.93) compared to perceived sufficient sleep. Subjects with crawly feelings in the legs had a 1.51-fold (95% CI = 1.13-2.00) higher risk of EDS than those without crawly feelings in the legs. In addition, waking up feeling unrefreshed elevated a 1.24-fold (95% CI = 1.01-1.53) risk of EDS compared to waking up feeling refreshed. Conclusions: Our findings show that EDS is associated with a variety of factors in Korean adults, and habitual snoring or sleep-related problems increase the risk of EDS. Whether interventions to modify associated correlates can alter EDS warrants further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalSleep Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb


  • Adults
  • Correlates
  • Epidemiology
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Korea
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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