Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is higher among non-obese PCOS women with hyperandrogenism and menstrual irregularity in Korea

Min Ju Kim, Nam Kyoo Lim, Young Min Choi, Jin Ju Kim, Kyu Ri Hwang, Soo Jin Chae, Chan Woo Park, Doo Seok Choi, Byung Moon Kang, Byung Seok Lee, Tak Kim, Hyun Young Park

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hyperandrogenism (HA) has been linked with several components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Few studies in Asian women have evaluated the important risk factors for and prevalence of MetS according to PCOS subtype. In this study, we investigated differences in metabolic parameters and the prevalence of MetS in two major phenotypic subgroups of PCOS in Korea. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between HA-associated parameters and MetS. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted from May 2010 to December 2011 in Korea. A total of 837 females with PCOS, aged 15-40, were recruited from Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology at 13 hospitals. Of those, 700 subjects with either polycystic ovaries (PCO)+HA+oligomenorrhea/amenorrhea (O) or PCO+O were eligible for this study. MetS was diagnosed according to the modified National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Results: MetS was more prevalent in the PCO+HA+O group (19.7%) than in the PCO+O (11.9%) group. There were statistically significant trends for an increased risk of MetS in the PCO+HA+O group compared to the PCO+O group. After adjustment for age, the odds ratio of MetS was 2.192 in non-obese subjects with PCO+HA+O compared to those with PCO+ O, whereas the risk of MetS was not different in obese patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high free androgen index and low sex hormone-binding globulin were significantly associated with MetS in non-obese women with PCOS, with odds ratios of 4.234 (95% CI, 1.893-9.474) and 4.612 (95% CI, 1.978-10.750), respectively. However, no associations were detected between MetS and SHBG and FAI in obese PCOS subjects. Conclusions: Our results indicate that HA and its associated parameters (FAI and SHBG) are significantly associated with MetS in non-obese PCOS subjects, whereas this association was not observed in obese subjects. Copyright:

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere99252
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Kim, M. J., Lim, N. K., Choi, Y. M., Kim, J. J., Hwang, K. R., Chae, S. J., Park, C. W., Choi, D. S., Kang, B. M., Lee, B. S., Kim, T., & Park, H. Y. (2014). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is higher among non-obese PCOS women with hyperandrogenism and menstrual irregularity in Korea. PloS one, 9(6), [e99252]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099252