Privacy-preserving and trustworthy device-to-device (D2D) offloading scheme

Hosung Baek, Haneul Ko, Sangheon Pack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In device-to-device (D2D) offloading, frequent offloading to a specific mobile device (i.e., an offloadee) can violate the privacy of a task owner and proper offloading results cannot always be guaranteed due to untruthful mobile devices. To address these problems, we propose a privacy-preserving and trustworthy D2D offloading scheme (PPTS) with two steps: 1) a privacy-preserving offloading step and 2) a blockchain-based verification step. In the first step, a task owner selects several offloadees and offloads the tasks redundantly to them to obtain reliable offloading results with a minimum task completion delay while preserving its own privacy at a sufficient level. In addition, the task owner chooses another mobile device as a verifier. In the second step, the task owner and verifier exploit blockchain networks to check whether the offloading results are appropriately processed. We formulate a static game to decide an appropriate redundancy ratio of offloading tasks and incentives for the offloadees.The evaluation results demonstrate that PPTS can provide reliable offloading results with a reduced task completion delay and guarantee a sufficient level of privacy of the task owner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191551-191560
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Blockchain
  • Device-to-device (D2D)
  • Offloading
  • Privacy
  • Static game

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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