Probing proton irradiation effects in GaN by micro-Raman spectroscopy

Hong Yeol Kim, Jaime A. Freitas, Ji Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thick freestanding GaN substrates with low background free-carrier concentrations were subjected to 6 MeV beam proton irradiations. The beam penetration depth, incident perpendicularly to the c-axis, and the change in the carrier concentrations were accessed by monitoring the phonon-plasmon coupled mode by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Reduction of the Raman shift of the A 1(LO)-plasmon coupled mode confirmed that the free-carrier concentrations decreased after proton irradiations. The penetration depth of 6 MeV protons was inferred from the point where phonon-plasmon coupled mode frequencies changed abruptly. The carrier concentrations in the GaN templates before irradiations were 4×1016 cm-3. However, after proton irradiation, the concentration decreased to less than 1×10 15 cm-3 resulting from the incorporation of defects trapping free carriers. It was estimated from the lowest phonon frequencies that most of the irradiated protons stop near 180 μm, which was consistent with the results of Monte Carlo numerical simulations (SRIM). Most of the irradiation-induced lattice damage was recovered after 2 minutes of thermal annealing at 900 °C, as verified by the spectra of the A1(LO)- plasmon coupled mode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26004
JournalEPL
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 19

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proton irradiation
Raman spectroscopy
coupled modes
penetration
irradiation
protons
templates
trapping
damage
annealing
shift
defects
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Probing proton irradiation effects in GaN by micro-Raman spectroscopy. / Kim, Hong Yeol; Freitas, Jaime A.; Kim, Ji Hyun.

In: EPL, Vol. 96, No. 2, 26004, 19.10.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Hong Yeol ; Freitas, Jaime A. ; Kim, Ji Hyun. / Probing proton irradiation effects in GaN by micro-Raman spectroscopy. In: EPL. 2011 ; Vol. 96, No. 2.
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