Probing spin and orbital Kondo effects with a mesoscopic interferometer

Rosa López, David Sánchez, Minchul Lee, Mahn-Soo Choi, Pascal Simon, Karyn Le Hur

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Abstract

We investigate theoretically the transport properties of a closed Aharonov-Bohm interferometer containing two quantum dots in the strong coupling regime. We find two distinct physical scenarios depending on the strength of the interdot Coulomb interaction. When the interdot Coulomb interaction is negligible, only spin fluctuations are important and each dot develops a Kondo resonance at the Fermi level independently of the applied magnetic flux. The transport is characterized by the interference of these two independent Kondo resonances. On the contrary, for large interdot interaction, only one electron can be accommodated onto the double-dot system. In this situation, not only the spin can fluctuate but also the orbital degree of freedom (the pseudospin). As a result, we find different ground states depending on the value of the applied flux. When φ=π (mod 2π) (φ=2πΦ/Φ 0, where Φ is applied flux and Φ 0=h/e the flux quantum) the electronic transport can take place via simultaneous correlations in the spin and pseudospin sectors, leading to the highly symmetric SU(4) Kondo state. Nevertheless, we find situations with φ>0 (mod 2π) where the pseudospin quantum number is not conserved during tunneling events, giving rise to the common SU(2) Kondo state with an enhanced Kondo temperature. We investigate the crossover between both ground states and discuss possible experimental signatures of this physics as a function of the applied magnetic flux.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115312
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume71
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 15

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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