Design of experiment (DOE) method is employed for a systematic and highly efficient optimization of Ga-doped ZnO thin films synthesized by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) process. We sequentially adopted fractional-factorial design (FD) and central composite design (CCD) of the DOE methods. In fractional-FD stage, significant factors to make conductive electrode are found to target-substrate (T-S) distance and oxygen partial pressure. Moreover, correlation among the process factors is elucidated using surface profile modeling. Electrical properties of the GZO films grown on a glass substrate had been optimized to find that the lowest electrical resistivity of about 1.8'10-4Wcm which was acquired with the T-S distance and the oxygen pressure of 4 cm and 7 mTorr, respectively. During the DOE-fueled optimization process, the transparency of the GZO films is ensured higher than 85 %.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jan|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering