RNase H fold protein PF2046 of Pyrococcus furiosus is a 3′-5′ ssDNA exonuclease that cleaves after the second nucleotide from the 3′ end of ssDNA and prefers poly-dT over poly-dA as a substrate. In our crystal structure of PF2046 complexed with an oligonucleotide of four thymidine nucleotides (dT4), PF2046 accommodates dT4 tightly in a groove and imposes steric hindrance on dT4 mainly by Phe220 such that dT4 assumes the A-form. As poly-dA prefer B-form due to the stereochemical restrictions, the A-form ssDNA binding by PF2046 should disfavor the processing of poly-dA. Phe220 variants display reduced activity toward poly-dA and the A-form appears to be a prerequisite for the processing by PF2046.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sept 15|
- RNase H
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology