Produce Handling and Processing Practices

Larry R. Beuchat, Jee-Hoon Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

462 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the past decade, outbreaks of human illness associated with the consumption of raw vegetables and fruits (or unpasteurized products produced from them) have increased in the United States. Changes in agronomic, harvesting, distribution, processing, and consumption patterns and practices have undoubtedly contributed to this increase. Pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium botulinum, and Bacillus cereus are naturally present in some soil, and their presence on fresh produce is not rare. Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio cholerae, parasites, and viruses are more likely to contaminate fresh produce through vehicles such as raw or improperly composted manure, irrigation water containing untreated sewage, or contaminated wash water. Contact with mammals, reptiles, fowl, insects, and unpasteurized products of animal origin offers another avenue through which pathogens can access produce. Surfaces, including human hands, which come in contact with whole or cut produce represent potential points of contamination throughout the total system of growing, harvesting, packing, processing, shipping, and preparing produce for consumption. Treatment of produce with chlorinated water reduces populations of pathogenic and other microorganisms on fresh produce but cannot eliminate them. Reduction of risk for human illness associated with raw produce can be better achieved through controlling points of potential contamination in the field; during harvesting; during processing or distribution; or in retail markets, food-service facilities, or the home.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume3
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Water
Clostridium botulinum
Food Services
Campylobacter jejuni
Reptiles
Bacillus cereus
Vibrio cholerae
Escherichia coli O157
Manure
Listeria monocytogenes
Risk Reduction Behavior
Sewage
Salmonella
Vegetables
Disease Outbreaks
Insects
Mammals
Fruit
Parasites
Soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Produce Handling and Processing Practices. / Beuchat, Larry R.; Ryu, Jee-Hoon.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.12.1997, p. 459-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beuchat, Larry R. ; Ryu, Jee-Hoon. / Produce Handling and Processing Practices. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1997 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 459-465.
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