Hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) have gained importance because of their special properties such as higher viscosity and reactivity compared with other non-hydroxy fatty acids. The bacterial isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PR3) was reported to produce mono-, di-, and trihydroxy fatty acids from different unsaturated fatty acids. Of those, 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD) was produced with high yield from oleic acid by PR3. Up to now, the substrates used for microbial HFA production were free fatty acids. However, it is possible to utilize triacylglycerides, specifically triolein containing three oleic groups, as a substrate by microbial enzyme system involved in HFA production from oleic acid. In this study we used triolein as a substrate and firstly report that triolein could be efficiently utilized by PR3 to produce DOD. Triolein was first hydrolyzed into oleic acid by the triolein-induced lipase and then the released oleic acid was converted to DOD by PR3. Results from this study demonstrated that natural vegetable oils, without being intentionally hydrolyzed, could be used as efficient substrates for the microbial production of value-added hydroxy fatty acids.
- Dihydroxy fatty acid
- Hydroxy fatty acid
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology