Production of high-energy-density fuels by catalytic β-pinene dimerization: Effects of the catalyst surface acidity and pore width on selective dimer production

Ja Kyung Jung, Yunsu Lee, Jae Wook Choi, Jungho Jae, Jeong Myeong Ha, Dong Jin Suh, Jungkyu Choi, Kwan Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High carbon number hydrocarbon fuels were produced by catalytic β-pinene dimerization. These fuels can be used as high-energy-density fuels, including diesel and jet fuels. To suppress the production of oligomers composed of more than two pinene units, which are undesirable in liquid fuels because of their high boiling temperatures and viscosities, the pore width of the silica-alumina aerogel catalysts was modified and their surfaces were treated chemically. The chemical treatment of the catalyst surface improved the selectivity of fuel-grade dimer production and suppressed oligomer formation. The reaction pathways for dimer production from pinenes were also studied. It was found that Bronsted acids are responsible for pinene condensation, although earlier works reported that Lewis acids are responsible for condensate formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 15

Keywords

  • Catalyst
  • Diesel
  • Jet fuels
  • Pinene
  • Silica-alumina aerogel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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