Production of starch nanoparticles using normal maize starch via heat-moisture treatment under mildly acidic conditions and homogenization

Eun Young Park, Min Jung Kim, Myounglae Cho, Ju Hun Lee, Jong Yea Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Normal maize starch was subjected to heat-moisture treatment (HMT) under mildly acidic conditions (0.000, 0.050, or 0.075 M H2SO4) for various treatment times (3, 5, or 8 h) followed by homogenization up to 60 min to prepare nanoparticles. The combination of HMT (0.075 M, for 8 h) and homogenization (60 min) produced nanoparticles with diameters of less than 50 nm at a yield higher than 80%. X-ray diffractometry and size-exclusion chromatography revealed that HMT under mildly acidic conditions selectively hydrolyzed the starch chains (especially amylose and/or long chains of amylopectin) in the amorphous region of the granules without significant damage to the crystalline structure, however, modification of the molecular structure in the amorphous region increased fragility of the granules during homogenization. Homogenization for 60 min caused obvious damage in the long-range crystalline structure of the HMT starch (0.15 N, for 8 h), while the short-range chain associations (FT-IR) remained intact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-282
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 20

Keywords

  • HMT under acidic conditions
  • Homogenization
  • Nanoparticles
  • Normal maize starch
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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