Prognosis of hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis in the era of oral nucleos(t)ide analog antiviral agents

Chang Ha Kim, Soon-Ho Um, Yeon Seok Seo, Jin Yong Jung, Jin Dong Kim, Hyung Joon Yim, Bora Keum, Yong Sik Kim, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hong Sik Lee, Hoon-Jai Chun, Chang Duck Kim, Ho Sang Ryu

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: We investigated long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver cirrhosis in the era of oral nucleos(t)ide analog antiviral agents. Methods: Between January 1999 and February 2009, a total of 240 consecutive patients who had HBV-related cirrhosis without malignancy were treated with lamivudine and second line nucleos(t)ide analogs. The group of historical controls consisted of 481 consecutive patients with HBV-related cirrhosis who were managed without any antiviral treatment prior to 1999. Results: In 78% of the patients who received antiviral treatment, sustained viral suppression (serum HBV DNA <105 copies/mL) was achieved during a mean follow-up period of 46months. The occurrences of death, hepatic decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were less frequent in the treated cohort than in untreated historical controls, with the 5-year cumulative incidences being 19.4% versus 43.9% (log-rank P<0.001), 15.4% versus 45.4% (P=0.001), and 13.8% versus 23.4% (P=0.074), respectively. For patients who received antiviral treatment, suboptimal viral suppression (HBV DNA >105 copies/mL at last follow-up) was an important independent risk factor of death (P<0.001) and hepatic decompensation (P=0.019), and was linked to an increased risk of HCC (P=0.042). Although the Child-Pugh grade remained a useful prognostic factor, no significant differences were found between patients with Child-Pugh grade B and C cirrhosis at the beginning of antiviral treatment (P=0.656). Conclusions: Oral antiviral agents have improved the prognosis of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis and affected the prognostic values of factors constituting the Child-Pugh system, necessitating a more efficient prognostic system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1589-1595
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis
  • Lamivudine
  • Oral antiviral agent
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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