Prognostic implication of systemic inflammatory markers in young patients with resectable colorectal cancer

Suk Young Lee, Sun Il Lee, Byung Wook Min, Sang Cheul Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The prognosis of young colorectal cancer (CRC) patients has not fully been addressed. The prognostic significance of systemic inflammatory markers was examined in those patients. Methods: A total of 965 patients with resectable CRC were divided into young (≤ 50 years, n = 101) and old groups (>51 years, n = 864). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) > 5, derived NLR (dNLR) > 3, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) < 2, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) > 150, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) < 45 were analyzed for prognosis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared using the log-rank test. A multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results: In the young group, NLR > 5, LMR < 2, and PNI < 45 were significantly associated with OS with univariate analyses. dNLR > 3 and those markers showed significance for PFS. LMR < 2 was a significant marker for poor PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 5.81; P = 0.020) in the multivariate analysis. In the old group, all inflammatory markers were significantly associated with OS and PFS with univariate analyses. LMR < 2 (HR, 2.66; P = 0.016) and PNI < 45 (HR, 2.14; P = 0.016) were independently associated with OS in multivariate analyses. PLR > 150 (HR, 1.45; P = 0.036) and PNI < 45 (HR, 1.73; P = 0.002) were significant markers for PFS. Conclusion: Systemic inflammation might be on e of biologic factors that influence on prognosis of young CRC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Systemic inflammatory markers
  • Young patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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