Recent studies have suggested that mast cells have critical roles in angiogenesis. However, the detailed mechanism by which mast cells contribute to angiogenesis is not yet clearly understood, especially in response to proinflammatory cytokines. In this study, we showed that the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β induces the synthesis of IL-8, a potent angiogenic factor, in human mast cells via the leukotriene B4 receptor (BLT)2. We also characterized the BLT2 downstream signaling pathway and determined that BLT2-mediated IL-8 synthesis involves the upregulation of Nox1, a member of the NADPH oxidase family, Nox1-dependent reactive oxygen species generation and the subsequent activation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor NF-κB. For instance, knockdown of BLT2 and Nox1 with specific small interfering RNA, treatment with a specific BLT2 antagonist, LY255283, or treatment with a potential Nox inhibitor, diphenylene iodonium, suppressed IL-1β-induced IL-8 synthesis. We found that the conditioned media collected from IL-1β-treated human mast cell line HMC-1 had significantly enhanced angiogenic activity that could be dramatically attenuated by either small interfering RNA knockdown of BLT2 or treatment with neutralizing Ab to IL-8. Finally, the experiments were repeated using human primary cord blood-derived mast cells, and the results were clearly reproduced. Taken together, our results suggest that BLT2-Nox1-reactive oxygen species-dependent pathway plays a role in promoting the secretion of IL-8 from human mast cells in response to the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β, thus contributing to angiogenesis.
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