Proliferation Profile of Uterine Endometrial Stromal Cells during In Vitro Culture with Gonadotropins: Recombinant versus Urinary Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Yong Jin Kim, Yoon Young Kim, Da Young Song, Sanghoon Lee, Chan Woo Park, Hoon Kim, Seung Yup Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:: Provision of optimal endometrial stromal cells is essential in uterine tissue engineering. Culture of these cells is significantly influenced by gonadotropin hormones. This investigation attempted to define the proliferation profiles of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH), urinary follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Methods:: Murine uterine endometrial stromal cells were collected from 8-week-old mice and cultured in vitro up to 72 h, with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG. Cell cycles were analyzed by BrdU assay, and cyclin D1 expression was evaluated according to dose and duration of gonadotropin treatment. Results:: BrdU assay showed a further inhibitory effect on murine uterine endometrial stromal cell proliferation when cultured with rFSH compared to uFSH, and a similar inhibitory proliferation profile when cultured with hCG at a specific range of concentrations. The expression of cyclin D1 of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells was down-regulated when cultured with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG, compared to control. Conclusions:: FSH may inhibit the proliferation of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture. rFSH may have more significant inhibitory effects on the proliferation of endometrial stromal cells than uFSH. Establishing an optimal endocrine milieu is necessary using more advanced combination of female hormones for in vitro culture of this type of cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalTissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 11

Keywords

  • Endometrial stromal cells
  • In vitro culture
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

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