Polyurethanes were synthesized using the high functional 4,4′-diphenyl-methane diisocyanate (MDI), polyester polyol, and 1,4-butane diol. The synthesized polyurethanes were analyzed using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer, and swelling measurement using N,N′-dimethylformamide. From the result of thermal analysis by DSC and DMTA, single Tgs were observed in the polyurethane samples at all the formulated compositions. From this result, it is suggested that the polyurethanes synthesized in this study have crosslinked structure rather than the phase-separated segmented structure because of the high functionality (f = 2.9) of the MDI. By annealing the polyurethane samples using DSC, the Tgs were increased by 4.7-16.0°C at the various annealing temperatures. From the results of FTIR and swelling measurement of polyurethanes, it is suggested that the increase of Tg of the polyurethanes by annealing is not due to increase of the hydrogen bond strength but mainly due to the increase of the crosslink density.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Oct|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry