BACKGROUNDS: The proteasome degrades NF-κB blocking protein (I-κB) and activates NF-κB that plays as a key transcriptional factor to regulate inflammatory factors that are involved in the tissue reperfusion injury. This study was designed to assess whether the proteasome inhibitor can attenuate peripheral nerve ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and consequently promote motor functional recovery after ischemic insult. METHODS: Rat sciatic nerves were exposed to 2 hour of ischemia followed by various periods of reperfusion. Rats were administered either proteasome inhibitor (bortezomib) or phosphate-buffered saline 30 minutes before reperfusion start. Results were evaluated using a walking track test, and an isolated muscle contraction test, and by muscle weight, and histology. RESULTS: Bortezomib treatment induced an earlier improvement in sciatic functional index and a more rapid restoration of contractile force and wet weight of extensor digitorum longus muscle. Bortezomib reduced early axonal degeneration and promoted regeneration. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that bortezomib; a proteasome inhibitor, is effective at promoting the functional recovery of reperfused peripheral nerve. The proteasome inhibition may play a role as one of the clinical strategy in the peripheral nervous system I/R injury with further understanding its mechanism of action.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Mar|
- Proteasome inhibition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine