Protective effect of silk protein hydrolysates against tert-BHP induced liver damage

Joo Hyoun Kim, Hyung Joo Suh, Hyeon Son Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotecive effect of silk protein hydrolysates (SDH), which was prepared by acid hydrolysis, in rats. SDH itself did not exhibit any cytotoxic effect on hepatic tissues. SDH showed a protective effect on tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced hepatotoxicity and liver damage. SDH effectively reduced AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and ALT (alanine aminotransferase), which are biomarkers for liver damage, in a dose-dependent manner. Malondialdehyde (MDA), a lipid peroxidation product, was significantly reduced by SDH. A high dose of SDH (2 g/kg) reduced t-BHP-induced MDA production by 40%. Glutathione (GSH), which is an endogenous antioxidant molecule, was effectively increased by SDH treatment. GSH content was enhanced by around 2.5-fold, compared with t-BHP control, upon SDH (2 g/kg) treatment. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which is an enzyme released by cell cytotoxicity, was greatly increased by t-BHP, but significantly decreased by SDH treatment. Furthermore, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining showed that SDH suppressed t-BHP-induced lesions in liver tissue. Taken together, SDH might be used as a protective agent against liver damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalKorean Journal of Food Preservation
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

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Keywords

  • Hepatoprotective effect
  • Liver damage
  • Silk proteins
  • Tert-butyl hydroperoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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