Protein Quantification and Imaging by Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and Similarity Analysis

Hyunku Shin, Seunghyun Oh, Daehyeon Kang, Yeonho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Protein quantification techniques such as immunoassays have been improved considerably, but they have several limitations, including time-consuming procedures, low sensitivity, and extrinsic detection. Because direct surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can detect intrinsic signals of proteins, it can be used as an effective detection method. However, owing to the complexity and reliability of SERS signals, SERS is rarely adopted for quantification without a purified target protein. This study reports an efficient and effective direct SERS-based immunoassay (SERSIA) technique for protein quantification and imaging. SERSIA relies on the uniform coating of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on a target-protein-immobilized substrate by simple centrifugation. As centrifugation induces close contact between the GNPs and target proteins, the intrinsic signals of the target protein can be detected. For quantification, the protein levels in a cell lysate are estimated using similarity analysis between antibody-only and protein-conjugated samples. This method reliably estimates the protein level at a sub-picomolar detection limit. Furthermore, this method enables quantitative imaging of immobilized protein at a micrometer range. Because this technique is fast, sensitive, and requires only one type of antibody, this approach can be a useful method to detect proteins in biological samples.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • plasmonics
  • protein imaging
  • protein quantification
  • similarity analysis
  • surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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