NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are widely used for the treatment of a variety of inflammatory diseases, but many of them were withdrawn from the market due to their cardiovascular toxicity. In this study, we tried to identify proteins responding to the cellular toxicity in NSAIDs-treated primarily cultured cardiomyocytes using 2-D proteomic analysis. We used seven different NSAIDs (celecoxib, rofecoxib, valdecoxib, diclofenac, naproxen, ibuprofen, and meloxicam) possessing each different degree of cardiovascular risk. Overall protein spots were similar in all NSAIDs-treated cells although numbers of decreased proteins were about 2-fold higher in celecoxib or rofecoxib-treated cells than in cells incubated with other NSAIDs. Many stress-related proteins, cardiac muscle movement proteins and proteins involved in membrane organization have been isolated. Among them, Septin-8, a filament scaffolding protein, showed its specific expression pattern depending on the extent of drug toxicity. Its expression level was low in cells treated by relatively high toxic drugs such as celecoxib, diclofenac, valdecoxib, and rofecoxib. On the contrary, Septin-8 was similarly expressed in control cells in the presence of less toxic drugs such ibuprofen, naproxen, and meloxicam. This data suggests that Septin-8 differentially responds to each NSAID.
- Proteomic analysis
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