Psychological distress and attentional bias toward acne lesions in patients with acne

In Seon Lee, Ah Rhem Lee, Hyejung Lee, Hi Joon Park, Sun Yong Chung, Christian Wallraven, Isabelle Bülthoff, Younbyoung Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disease that manifests on the face and affects appearance. In general, facial acne has a wide-ranging negative impact on the psychosocial functioning of acne sufferers and leaves physical and emotional scars. In the present study, we investigated whether patients with acne vulgaris demonstrate enhanced psychological bias when assessing the attractiveness of faces with acne symptoms and whether they devote greater selective attention to acne lesions than to acne-free (control) individuals. Participants viewed images of faces under two different skin (acne vs. acne-free) and emotional facial expression (happy and neutral) conditions. They rated the attractiveness of the faces, and the time spent fixating on the acne lesions was recorded with an eye tracker. We found that the gap in perceived attractiveness between acne and acne-free faces was greater for acne sufferers. Furthermore, patients with acne fixated longer on facial regions exhibiting acne lesions than did control participants irrespective of the facial expression depicted. In summary, patients with acne have a stronger attentional bias for acne lesions and focus more on the skin lesions than do those without acne. Clinicians treating the skin problems of patients with acne should consider these psychological and emotional scars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-686
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Acne Vulgaris
Psychology
Attentional Bias
Facial Expression
Skin
Cicatrix

Cite this

Psychological distress and attentional bias toward acne lesions in patients with acne. / Lee, In Seon; Lee, Ah Rhem; Lee, Hyejung; Park, Hi Joon; Chung, Sun Yong; Wallraven, Christian; Bülthoff, Isabelle; Chae, Younbyoung.

In: Psychology, Health and Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 680-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, In Seon ; Lee, Ah Rhem ; Lee, Hyejung ; Park, Hi Joon ; Chung, Sun Yong ; Wallraven, Christian ; Bülthoff, Isabelle ; Chae, Younbyoung. / Psychological distress and attentional bias toward acne lesions in patients with acne. In: Psychology, Health and Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 19, No. 6. pp. 680-686.
@article{cc067f05d19542c39a8cb7f2469dd18b,
title = "Psychological distress and attentional bias toward acne lesions in patients with acne",
abstract = "Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disease that manifests on the face and affects appearance. In general, facial acne has a wide-ranging negative impact on the psychosocial functioning of acne sufferers and leaves physical and emotional scars. In the present study, we investigated whether patients with acne vulgaris demonstrate enhanced psychological bias when assessing the attractiveness of faces with acne symptoms and whether they devote greater selective attention to acne lesions than to acne-free (control) individuals. Participants viewed images of faces under two different skin (acne vs. acne-free) and emotional facial expression (happy and neutral) conditions. They rated the attractiveness of the faces, and the time spent fixating on the acne lesions was recorded with an eye tracker. We found that the gap in perceived attractiveness between acne and acne-free faces was greater for acne sufferers. Furthermore, patients with acne fixated longer on facial regions exhibiting acne lesions than did control participants irrespective of the facial expression depicted. In summary, patients with acne have a stronger attentional bias for acne lesions and focus more on the skin lesions than do those without acne. Clinicians treating the skin problems of patients with acne should consider these psychological and emotional scars.",
keywords = "Acne vulgaris, Attractiveness, Eye movement, Selective attention",
author = "Lee, {In Seon} and Lee, {Ah Rhem} and Hyejung Lee and Park, {Hi Joon} and Chung, {Sun Yong} and Christian Wallraven and Isabelle B{\"u}lthoff and Younbyoung Chae",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/13548506.2014.880493",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "680--686",
journal = "Psychology, Health and Medicine",
issn = "1354-8506",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological distress and attentional bias toward acne lesions in patients with acne

AU - Lee, In Seon

AU - Lee, Ah Rhem

AU - Lee, Hyejung

AU - Park, Hi Joon

AU - Chung, Sun Yong

AU - Wallraven, Christian

AU - Bülthoff, Isabelle

AU - Chae, Younbyoung

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disease that manifests on the face and affects appearance. In general, facial acne has a wide-ranging negative impact on the psychosocial functioning of acne sufferers and leaves physical and emotional scars. In the present study, we investigated whether patients with acne vulgaris demonstrate enhanced psychological bias when assessing the attractiveness of faces with acne symptoms and whether they devote greater selective attention to acne lesions than to acne-free (control) individuals. Participants viewed images of faces under two different skin (acne vs. acne-free) and emotional facial expression (happy and neutral) conditions. They rated the attractiveness of the faces, and the time spent fixating on the acne lesions was recorded with an eye tracker. We found that the gap in perceived attractiveness between acne and acne-free faces was greater for acne sufferers. Furthermore, patients with acne fixated longer on facial regions exhibiting acne lesions than did control participants irrespective of the facial expression depicted. In summary, patients with acne have a stronger attentional bias for acne lesions and focus more on the skin lesions than do those without acne. Clinicians treating the skin problems of patients with acne should consider these psychological and emotional scars.

AB - Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disease that manifests on the face and affects appearance. In general, facial acne has a wide-ranging negative impact on the psychosocial functioning of acne sufferers and leaves physical and emotional scars. In the present study, we investigated whether patients with acne vulgaris demonstrate enhanced psychological bias when assessing the attractiveness of faces with acne symptoms and whether they devote greater selective attention to acne lesions than to acne-free (control) individuals. Participants viewed images of faces under two different skin (acne vs. acne-free) and emotional facial expression (happy and neutral) conditions. They rated the attractiveness of the faces, and the time spent fixating on the acne lesions was recorded with an eye tracker. We found that the gap in perceived attractiveness between acne and acne-free faces was greater for acne sufferers. Furthermore, patients with acne fixated longer on facial regions exhibiting acne lesions than did control participants irrespective of the facial expression depicted. In summary, patients with acne have a stronger attentional bias for acne lesions and focus more on the skin lesions than do those without acne. Clinicians treating the skin problems of patients with acne should consider these psychological and emotional scars.

KW - Acne vulgaris

KW - Attractiveness

KW - Eye movement

KW - Selective attention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907576845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907576845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13548506.2014.880493

DO - 10.1080/13548506.2014.880493

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 680

EP - 686

JO - Psychology, Health and Medicine

JF - Psychology, Health and Medicine

SN - 1354-8506

IS - 6

ER -