Pulmonary function is implicated in the prognosis of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer but not in extended disease small cell lung cancer

Suk young Lee, Yoon Ji Choi, Jae Hong Seo, Sung Yong Lee, Jung Sun Kim, Eun Joo Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The impacts of pulmonary function in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and extended disease stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC-ED) treated with palliative chemotherapy remain to still be determined. Methods: Results of spirometry performed in 449 patients with either stage IV NSCLC (n=313) or SCLC-ED (n=136) at diagnosis were reviewed retrospectively. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared via a log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results: The presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was not a risk factor for OS in either NSCLC or SCLC. However, NSCLC patients with COPD with a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) value of less than 80% predicted were associated with a worse OS in both univariate and multivariate analyses [hazard ratio (HR): 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04–1.97; P=0.03]. Intriguingly, only the OS of NSCLC patients treated with chemotherapeutic agents was affected by the airflow limitation FEV1 value of less than 80% predicted (P=0.02). Patients with an FEV1 value of less than 80% predicted treated with targeted agents were not associated with OS (P=0.24). On the other hand, NSCLC patients with COPD were significantly linked to the occurrence of pulmonary complications during palliative therapy (P=0.01) but not associated with death resulting from pulmonary complications (P=0.22). Conclusions: Careful attention is required when chemotherapeutic agents are administered to patients with metastatic NSCLC with accompanying COPD with a FEV1 value of less than 80% predicted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4562-4572
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Advanced lung cancer
  • Lung function
  • Obstructive lung disease
  • Prognostic indicator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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