Enzymes and factors, required for in vitro transcription of templates regulated by vaccinia virus intermediate stage promoters, are present in HeLa cells infected with vaccinia virus in the presence of an inhibitor of DNA replication. Previous studies indicated that in vitro transcription could be reconstituted by adding a partially purified transcription factor to the viral RNA polymerase and capping enzyme. By using an independent purification procedure, we isolated two vaccinia virus intermediate transcription factors VITF-1 and VITF-2 that were necessary for transcription of several different intermediate stage promoter templates but not for early or late stage promoter templates. VITF-1 was purified to homogeneity, and the sequences of two tryptic peptides were mapped to the fourth open reading frame within the HindIII E fragment (E4L) of the vaccinia virus genome, which had previously been shown to encode an RNA polymerase subunit of 30 kDa (RPO30) with homology to eukaryotic transcription elongation factor SII. Co-chromatography of VITF-1 with the E4L-derived protein was demonstrated using specific antiserum. In addition, transcriptionally active recombinant VITF-1 was made by expressing the E4L open reading frame in Escherichia coli. Thus, E4L encodes a multifunctional protein, serving as a RNA polymerase subunit and a stage-specific transcription factor. The stepwise binding of capping enzyme, VITF-1, and VITF-2 to a DNA/viral RNA polymerase complex was demonstrated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 May 13|
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