Poliovirus receptor (PVR, CD155) is upregulated during tumor progression, and PVR expression is associated with poor prognosis in cancer patients; however, prognostic implications for PVR in multiple myeloma (MM) have not been investigated. PVR plays an immunomodulatory role by interacting with CD226, CD96, and TIGIT. TIGIT is a checkpoint inhibitory receptor that can limit adaptive and innate immunity, and it binds to PVR with the highest affinity. We used immunohistochemistry, ELISA, qPCR, and flow cytometry to investigate the role of PVR in MM. PVR was highly expressed in patients with MM, and membrane PVR expression showed a significant correlation with soluble PVR levels. PVR expression was significantly associated with the Revised-International Staging System stage, presence of extramedullary plasmacytoma and bone lesion, percentage of bone marrow plasma cells (BMPCs), and β2-microglobulin levels, suggesting a possible role in advanced stages and metastasis. Furthermore, TIGIT expression was significantly correlated with the percentage of BMPCs. Patients with high PVR expression had significantly shorter overall and progression-free survival, and PVR expression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for poor MM survival. These findings indicate that PVR expression is associated with MM stage and poor prognosis, and is a potential prognostic marker for MM.
- multiple myeloma
- plasma cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)