Pyrolysis characteristics of Oriental white oak: Kinetic study and fast pyrolysis in a fluidized bed with an improved reaction system

Hyun Ju Park, Young Kwon Park, Jong In Dong, Joo Sik Kim, Jong Ki Jeon, Seung Soo Kim, Jinsoo Kim, Byungho Song, Junhong Park, Kyoung Jin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetic parameters for the pyrolysis of Oriental white oak were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The white oak was pyrolyzed in a fluidized bed reactor with a two-staged char separation system under a variety of operating conditions. The influence of the pyrolysis conditions on the chemical and physical characteristics of the bio-oil was also examined. TGA showed that the Oriental white oak decomposed at temperatures ranging from 250 to 400 °C. The apparent activation energy ranged from 160 to 777 kJ mol- 1. The optimal pyrolysis temperature for the production of bio-oil in the fluidized bed unit was between 400 and 450 °C. A much smaller and larger feed size adversely affected the production of bio-oil. A higher fluidizing gas flow and higher biomass feeding rate were more effective in the production of bio-oil but the above flow rates did not affect the bio-oil yields significantly. Recycling a part of the product gas as a fluidizing medium resulted the highest bio-oil yield of 60 wt.%. In addition, high-quality bio-oil with a low solid content was produced using a hot filter as well as a cyclone. With exception of the pyrolysis temperature, the other pyrolysis conditions did not significantly affect the chemical and physical characteristics of the resulting bio-oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Char separation system
  • Fast pyrolysis
  • Kinetics
  • Oriental white oak
  • Pyrolysis conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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