Pyrolysis of FeCl3-pretreated spent coffee grounds using CO2 as a reaction medium

Dong Wan Cho, Jechan Lee, Kwangsuk Yoon, Yong Sik Ok, Eilhann E. Kwon, Hocheol Song

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyrolysis of spent coffee grounds (SCG) was performed to achieve the multiple purposes of waste disposal and energy recovery. This study placed great emphasis on pretreatment of SCG with FeCl3 (Fe-SCG) and utilizing carbon dioxide (CO2) as a reaction medium to enhance the generation of syngas while reducing condensable hydrocarbons (e.g., tar). For example, the principal effect of CO2 was the enhanced generation of syngas via the CO2-induced thermal cracking of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and the reaction between CO2 and VOCs, which resulted in subsequent reduction of tar. These identified effects on pyrolysis of SCG were more pronounced in pyrolysis of Fe-SCG, which could be attributable to the catalytic effect of the Fe mineral formed from phase transition of FeCl3 during pyrolysis. The generation of CO in pyrolysis of Fe-SCG in the presence of CO2 increased up to 8000% as compared to pyrolysis of SCG in N2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-442
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Caffeine
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Decomposition
  • Ferric chloride
  • Gaseous products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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