Pyrosequencing analysis of subgingival microbiota in distinct periodontal conditions

O. J. Park, Hana Yi, J. H. Jeon, S. S. Kang, K. T. Koo, K. Y. Kum, J. Chun, C. H. Yun, S. H. Han

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Abstract

Subgingival microorganisms are potentially associated with periodontal diseases. However, changes in the subgingival microbiota during the progress of periodontal diseases are poorly understood. In this study, we analyzed bacterial communities in the subgingival paper point samples from 32 Korean individuals with no sign of disease, gingivitis, or periodontitis using 454 FLX Titanium pyrosequencing. A total of 256,113 reads representing 26 phyla, 433 genera, and 1,016 species were detected. Bacteroidetes, Fusobacteria, Synergistetes, and Spirochaetes were the abundant phyla in periodontitis subjects, whereas Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were identified as the dominant phyla in the gingivitis and healthy subjects, respectively. Although high levels of Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium, Fretibacterium, Rothia, Filifactor, and Treponema genera were observed in the periodontitis subjects, Streptococcus, Capnocytophaga, Leptotrichia, and Haemophilus genera were found at high frequency in the gingivitis subjects. Species including Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Fretibacterium fastidiosum were significantly increased in periodontitis subjects. On the other hand, Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Leptotrichia hongkongensis were preferentially observed in the gingivitis subjects. Intriguingly, the halophile Halomonas hamiltonii was revealed as a predominant species in the healthy subjects. Based on Fast UniFrac analysis, distinctive bacterial clusters were classified for the healthy, gingivitis, and periodontitis state. The current findings might be useful for understanding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-927
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume94
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • bacteria
  • dental plaque
  • gingival crevicular fluid
  • gingivitis
  • periodontal pocket
  • periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Park, O. J., Yi, H., Jeon, J. H., Kang, S. S., Koo, K. T., Kum, K. Y., Chun, J., Yun, C. H., & Han, S. H. (2015). Pyrosequencing analysis of subgingival microbiota in distinct periodontal conditions. Journal of Dental Research, 94(7), 921-927. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034515583531