Quality Improvement of Capsular Polysaccharide in Streptococcus pneumoniae by Purification Process Optimization

Chankyu Lee, Hee Jin Chun, Minchul Park, Rock Ki Kim, Yoon Hee Whang, Seuk Keun Choi, Yeong Ok Baik, Sung Soo Park, Inhwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the causative agent of many diseases, most notably pneumonia. Most of the currently used vaccines to protect against this pathogen employ pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides (CPSs) as antigens, but purifying CPS of sufficient quality has been challenging. A purification process for CPS comprising conventional methods such as ultrafiltration, CTAB precipitation, and chromatography was previously established; however, this method resulted in high cell wall polysaccharide (CWPS) contamination, especially for serotype 5. Thus, a better purification method that yields CPS of a higher quality is needed for vaccine development. In this study, we significantly reduced CWPS contamination in serotype 5 CPS by improving the ultrafiltration and CTAB precipitation steps. Moreover, by applying an acid precipitation process to further remove other impurities, serotype 5 CPS was obtained with a lower impurity such as decreased nucleic acid contamination. This improved method was also successfully applied to 14 other serotypes (1, 3, 4, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 11A, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, 22F, and 23F). To assess the immunogenicity of the CPS from the 15 serotypes, two sets of 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines were prepared using the previous purification method and the improved method developed here; these vaccines were administered to a rabbit model. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and opsonophagocytic assay demonstrated higher immunogenicity of the conjugate vaccine prepared using CPS produced by the improved purification process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 4

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Keywords

  • cell wall polysaccharide
  • cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) precipitation
  • pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide
  • purification
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Histology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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