Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a carcinogen with a high binding energy between fluorine and carbon and is symmetrically linked, making it difficult to treat. In this study, a self-doped TiO2 nanotube array (TNTA) was used as the anode and platinum as the cathode to quantify the PFOA removal mechanism using a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system. The external voltage was negative compared to that of the anode. In addition, NO3− and t-BuOH were used as scavengers to quantify the PFOA oxidation/reduction mechanism in the PEC system. As a result of the study, TNTA crystals are TiO2 anatase, and the band gap energy was 3.42. The synergy index of PEC was 1.25, and the best electrolyte was SO42−. The PFOA decomposition activation energy corresponds to 70.84 kJ mol−1. Moreover, ΔH# and ΔS# correspond to 68.34 kJ mol−1 and 0.190 kJ mol−1 K−1, respectively. When the external negative voltage was 1 V, the contributions of the oxidation/reduction reaction during PFOA decomposition were 60% and 40%, and when the external negative voltage was 5 V, the contributions of the redox reaction were 45% and 55%. As the external negative voltage increased, the contribution of the reduction reaction increased as the number of electrons applied to the anode increased. When PFOA was decomposed, the by-products were C7F13O2H, C6F11O2H, C5F9O2H, and C4F7O2H, respectively. This study is expected to be used as basic data for research on the effects of other factors on the oxidation/reduction as well as the selection of anode and cathode materials on the decomposition of pollutants other than PFOA when using a PEC system.
- Applying negative voltage to anode
- TiO nanotube arrays anode
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis