Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of the Common Site of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture

5 to 8 cm Above the Distal End of the Calcaneal Insertion

Young Hwan Park, Jung Wook Lim, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have not quantitatively analyzed the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Purpose: To investigate the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The medical records and MRIs of 195 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were retrospectively reviewed. The rupture site was measured as the distance from the most distal fibers of the Achilles tendon at the calcaneal insertion to the proximal end of the distal stump. The relationship between the site of rupture and patient characteristics was analyzed, and the intra- and interobserver reliability of the measurements was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: The rupture site had a mean distance of 6.4 cm (SD, 1.5) and the 10th to 90th percentile range was 5.0 to 8.4 cm. There was no significant difference in location of the rupture according to patient characteristics and the time of imaging. The intra- and interobserver reliability of measurements was excellent. Conclusion: Most acute Achilles tendon ruptures visible on MRI occurred 5 to 8 cm above the distal end of the calcaneal insertion, which is more proximal than the previously reported 2 to 6 cm location.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Achilles Tendon
Rupture
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Medical Records
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Achilles tendon
  • calcaneus
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • tendon injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

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title = "Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of the Common Site of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture: 5 to 8 cm Above the Distal End of the Calcaneal Insertion",
abstract = "Background: Previous studies have not quantitatively analyzed the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Purpose: To investigate the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The medical records and MRIs of 195 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were retrospectively reviewed. The rupture site was measured as the distance from the most distal fibers of the Achilles tendon at the calcaneal insertion to the proximal end of the distal stump. The relationship between the site of rupture and patient characteristics was analyzed, and the intra- and interobserver reliability of the measurements was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: The rupture site had a mean distance of 6.4 cm (SD, 1.5) and the 10th to 90th percentile range was 5.0 to 8.4 cm. There was no significant difference in location of the rupture according to patient characteristics and the time of imaging. The intra- and interobserver reliability of measurements was excellent. Conclusion: Most acute Achilles tendon ruptures visible on MRI occurred 5 to 8 cm above the distal end of the calcaneal insertion, which is more proximal than the previously reported 2 to 6 cm location.",
keywords = "Achilles tendon, calcaneus, magnetic resonance imaging, tendon injuries",
author = "Park, {Young Hwan} and Lim, {Jung Wook} and Choi, {Gi Won} and Kim, {Hak Jun}",
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journal = "American Journal of Sports Medicine",
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AU - Choi, Gi Won

AU - Kim, Hak Jun

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N2 - Background: Previous studies have not quantitatively analyzed the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Purpose: To investigate the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The medical records and MRIs of 195 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were retrospectively reviewed. The rupture site was measured as the distance from the most distal fibers of the Achilles tendon at the calcaneal insertion to the proximal end of the distal stump. The relationship between the site of rupture and patient characteristics was analyzed, and the intra- and interobserver reliability of the measurements was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: The rupture site had a mean distance of 6.4 cm (SD, 1.5) and the 10th to 90th percentile range was 5.0 to 8.4 cm. There was no significant difference in location of the rupture according to patient characteristics and the time of imaging. The intra- and interobserver reliability of measurements was excellent. Conclusion: Most acute Achilles tendon ruptures visible on MRI occurred 5 to 8 cm above the distal end of the calcaneal insertion, which is more proximal than the previously reported 2 to 6 cm location.

AB - Background: Previous studies have not quantitatively analyzed the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Purpose: To investigate the site of acute Achilles tendon rupture via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: The medical records and MRIs of 195 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were retrospectively reviewed. The rupture site was measured as the distance from the most distal fibers of the Achilles tendon at the calcaneal insertion to the proximal end of the distal stump. The relationship between the site of rupture and patient characteristics was analyzed, and the intra- and interobserver reliability of the measurements was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: The rupture site had a mean distance of 6.4 cm (SD, 1.5) and the 10th to 90th percentile range was 5.0 to 8.4 cm. There was no significant difference in location of the rupture according to patient characteristics and the time of imaging. The intra- and interobserver reliability of measurements was excellent. Conclusion: Most acute Achilles tendon ruptures visible on MRI occurred 5 to 8 cm above the distal end of the calcaneal insertion, which is more proximal than the previously reported 2 to 6 cm location.

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KW - magnetic resonance imaging

KW - tendon injuries

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