Mechanical force realization based on flux quantization in the piconewton range is proposed. By controlling the number of flux quantum in a superconducting annulus, a force can be created as integer multiples of a constant step. For a 50 nm thick Nb annulus with inner and outer radii of 5 and 10 μm, respectively, and field gradient of 10 Tm, the force step is estimated to be 184 fN. The stability against thermal fluctuations is also addressed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)