Rac GTPase activity is essential for lipopolysaccharide signaling to extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 MAP kinase activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts

Chang Hoon Woo, Jae-Hong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has potent proinflammatory properties by acting on many cell types. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated kinasc (ERK), p38 kinase, and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were shown to be involved in signal transduction in response to LPS. However, the detailed mechanism of LPS-induced signaling in the cell, especially the role of the Rho family GTPases remains largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family GTPases, in the LPS-induced MAPKs activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our results showed that LPS induced the activation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in a Rac-dependent manner, suggesting a mediatory role of Racl in LPS signaling to MAPKs stimulation. We also observed that LPS caused a time-dependent activation of Rac1. In addition, our results have shown that pretreatment with herbimycin or wortmannin dramatically inhibited Rac1 activation induced by LPS. These suggest that tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) are possibly acting upstream of Rac1 in the LPS signaling to MAPKs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-475
Number of pages6
JournalMolecules and Cells
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jun 1

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GTP Phosphohydrolases
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Lipopolysaccharides
Fibroblasts
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
rho GTP-Binding Proteins
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Signal Transduction
Phosphotransferases

Keywords

  • ERK
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • p38 Kinase
  • Rac

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Rac GTPase activity is essential for lipopolysaccharide signaling to extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 MAP kinase activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts",
abstract = "Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has potent proinflammatory properties by acting on many cell types. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated kinasc (ERK), p38 kinase, and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were shown to be involved in signal transduction in response to LPS. However, the detailed mechanism of LPS-induced signaling in the cell, especially the role of the Rho family GTPases remains largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family GTPases, in the LPS-induced MAPKs activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our results showed that LPS induced the activation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in a Rac-dependent manner, suggesting a mediatory role of Racl in LPS signaling to MAPKs stimulation. We also observed that LPS caused a time-dependent activation of Rac1. In addition, our results have shown that pretreatment with herbimycin or wortmannin dramatically inhibited Rac1 activation induced by LPS. These suggest that tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) are possibly acting upstream of Rac1 in the LPS signaling to MAPKs.",
keywords = "ERK, Lipopolysaccharide, p38 Kinase, Rac",
author = "Woo, {Chang Hoon} and Jae-Hong Kim",
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AU - Kim, Jae-Hong

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N2 - Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has potent proinflammatory properties by acting on many cell types. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated kinasc (ERK), p38 kinase, and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were shown to be involved in signal transduction in response to LPS. However, the detailed mechanism of LPS-induced signaling in the cell, especially the role of the Rho family GTPases remains largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family GTPases, in the LPS-induced MAPKs activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our results showed that LPS induced the activation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in a Rac-dependent manner, suggesting a mediatory role of Racl in LPS signaling to MAPKs stimulation. We also observed that LPS caused a time-dependent activation of Rac1. In addition, our results have shown that pretreatment with herbimycin or wortmannin dramatically inhibited Rac1 activation induced by LPS. These suggest that tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) are possibly acting upstream of Rac1 in the LPS signaling to MAPKs.

AB - Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has potent proinflammatory properties by acting on many cell types. Recently, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated kinasc (ERK), p38 kinase, and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were shown to be involved in signal transduction in response to LPS. However, the detailed mechanism of LPS-induced signaling in the cell, especially the role of the Rho family GTPases remains largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of Rac1, a member of the Rho family GTPases, in the LPS-induced MAPKs activation in Rat-2 fibroblasts. Our results showed that LPS induced the activation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in a Rac-dependent manner, suggesting a mediatory role of Racl in LPS signaling to MAPKs stimulation. We also observed that LPS caused a time-dependent activation of Rac1. In addition, our results have shown that pretreatment with herbimycin or wortmannin dramatically inhibited Rac1 activation induced by LPS. These suggest that tyrosine kinase(s) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) are possibly acting upstream of Rac1 in the LPS signaling to MAPKs.

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