Here, we demonstrate that interleukin-1β (IL-1β) contributes to the γ-ionizing radiation (IR)-induced increase of migration/invasion in A549 lung cancer cells, and that this occurs via RIP1 upregulation. We initially observed that the protein expression and secreted concentration of IL-1β were increased upon exposure of A549 cells to IR. We then demonstrated that IR-induced IL-1β is located downstream of the NF-κB–RIP1 signaling pathway. Treatments with siRNA and specific pharmaceutical inhibitors of RIP1 and NF-κB suppressed the IR-induced increases in the protein expression and secreted concentration of IL-1β. IL-1Ra, an antagonist of IL-1β, treatment suppressed the IR-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and IR-induced invasion/migration in vitro. These results suggest that IL-1β could regulate IR-induced EMT. We also found that IR could induce the expression of IL-1β expression in vivo and that of IL-1 receptor (R) I/II in vitro and in vivo. The IR-induced increases in the protein levels of IL-1 RI/II and IL-1β suggest that an autocrine loop between IL-1β and IL-1 RI/II might play important roles in IR-induced EMT and migration/invasion. Based on these collective results, we propose that IR concomitantly activates NF-κB and RIP1 to trigger the NF-κB–RIP1–IL-1β–IL-1RI/II–EMT pathway, ultimately promoting metastasis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jan 1|
- γ-ionizing radiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology