Little is known about final spores components when bacteria undergo sporulation under different nutrient conditions. Different degrees of resistance and germination rates were observed in the three types of spores of Lysinibacillus boronitolerans YS11 (SD, Spores formed in Difco sporulation medium™; SC and SF, Spores formed in an agricultural byproduct medium with 10 mM CaCl2 and with 10 mM FeSO4, respectively). Stronger UV resistance was recorded for SF with 1.8–2.3-fold greater survival than SC and SD under UV treatment. The three spore types showed similar heat resistances at 80°C, but survival rates of SC and SD were much higher (∼1,000 times) than those of SF at 90°C. However, germination capacity of SF was 20% higher than those of SD and SC on Luria-Bertani agar plates for 24 h. SF germinated more rapidly in a liquid medium with high NaCl concentrations than SC and SD, but became slower under alkaline conditions. Raman spectroscopy was used to analyze the heterogeneities in the three types of vegetative cells and their spores under different nutritional conditions. Exponentially grown-each vegetative cells had different overall Raman peak values. Raman peaks of SC, SD, and SF also showed differences in adenine and amide III compositions and nucleic acid contents. Our data along with Raman spectroscopy provided the evidence that spores formed under under different growth conditions possess very different cellular components, which affected their survival and germination rates.
- bacterial spore
- raman spectroscopy
- spore germination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology