Raphidophyte red tides in Korean waters

Hae Jin Jeong, Yeong Du Yoo, An Suk Lim, Tae Wook Kim, Kitack Lee, Chang Keun Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Marine raphidophytes are distributed worldwide, and they often cause large-scale fish mortality in many countries. Thus, the population dynamics of raphidophytes is of critical concern to scientists, the aquaculture industry, and government officials from many countries. Raphidophytes were thought to be exclusively autotrophic organisms, but have been recently revealed as mixotrophic algae. Raphidophytes, particularly Heterosigma akashiwo, often cause red tides in Korean waters. However, raphidophytes in Korean waters have varied temporal and spatial distributions. The frequency and extent of red tides dominated by H. akashiwo in Korean waters have continuously decreased between 1998 and 2010. In contrast, between 1983 and 2005 there were only two episodes of Chattonella red tides (1983 and 1994), but Chattonella red tides have occurred every year since 2006. In the present study, we review trends in the frequency of raphidophyte red tides in Korean waters between 1983 and 2010, the nationwide distribution of raphidophytes, physical and chemical properties of the water during raphidophyte red tides, genetic variations and eco-physiology of Korean raphidophyte strains, and raphidophyte prey and predators. In addition, we provide insight as to the ecological roles of raphidophytes in Korean waters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S41-S52
JournalHarmful Algae
Issue numberSUPPL.1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Chattonella
  • Fibrocapsa
  • Harmful algal bloom
  • Heterosigma
  • Physiology
  • Red tide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Raphidophyte red tides in Korean waters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this