Rapid and robust enzymatic sensing and quantitation of 3,6-Anhydro-L-galactose in a heterogeneous sugar mixture

Duleepa Pathiraja, Kyoung Heon Kim, In-Geol Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

3,6-Anhydro-L-galactose (L-AHG) is a rare sugar found in agar polysaccharides. L-AHG has been used as a bioactive compound over the past few years. While the chromatographic or mass-spectrometric quantitation of L-AHG is quite sensitive and accurate, these methods require a reference standard and an intensive sample preparation procedure. We developed an enzymatic assay for rapid and robust quantitation of L-AHG using anhydrogalactose dehydrogenase cloned from Vibrio sp. EJY3 (VejAHGD). VejAHGD is a NADP+ - dependent enzyme which catalyzes the oxidation of L-AHG with a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1. Kinetic characterization of the enzyme showed a Km value of 0.19 ± 0.01 mM. The activity of the enzyme was optimum at 20 °C and pH 8.0. The half-life of enzymatic activity was 12 h under optimum condition. VejAHGD was highly specific to L-AHG, such that the reaction was not interfered by a variety of mono- or oligo-sugars in a heterogeneous mixture. Except transition metal ions, other cations or chelating agents did not affect the activity of the enzyme. Detection limit of the assay was 0.2 mM at 340 nm in the spectrophotometry. The assay was so rapid to give the result less than 5 min, requiring neither separation nor pretreatment of samples. We suggest application of the assay for detection and quantitation of L-AHG in commercial products and biosensor development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume446-447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 29

Keywords

  • 3,6-L-Anhydrogalactose
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase
  • Enzymatic assay
  • Quantitative analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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